Link to Niacin/wild hamster cannibalism/glyphosate and a list of Glyphosate posts, with a CoV theme.

Expanded last post: Niacin deficiency linked to glyphosate and cannibalism (in wild hamsters). ( I posted that link before I was done watching the video, and slept a little more after watching it. So now the post has the hamster story in more detail and some other info from the video webinar. Each of the four speakers had significant info that added to the bigger picture.

What I didn’t include in my rewrite was that action individually is being encouraged – informing the government isn’t working or what they claim to be doing is on a too long-time scale – status quo to continue until some future date.

We are in a corporatocracy, an oligarchy, and corporate profit is protected over individual consumers. Our buying power collectively may be our biggest voice. If the consumers stop buying the poisonous products more producers might switch to organic foods. However – with the government complicit – they buy a lot of food and provide a lot of school children on Free or Reduced-price meals with two and sometimes three meals a day. Our individually stopping the purchase of RoundUp ready crops or meats raised with them – will not stop the big bucks that agribusiness gets from government purchase for schools, VA hospitals or facilities, or the military. Anyone on a cafeteria meal-plan will likely be getting glyphosate foods.

brown mouse on brown wooden table
“Teddy, my Syrian Hamster.” Photo by Andy Holmes on Unsplash

Glyphosate disrupts actin which is like a scaffolding with a crane that can direct activity and line up vital chemical parts within the cell. Glyphosate disrupts the crane’s ‘hook’.

Series – glyphosate is a big deal and has been since around 1965, use greatly increased sometime between 1985 and 1995:

  • Glycine & glyphosate & misfolded proteins – Seneff article. (June 13, 2021)
  • Covid-19 “broken glass lung” and glyphosate, draft (March 4, 2021), posted (Dec 17, 2022) *This is/was a follow-up to Glyphosate & COVID19, (Oct 25, 2020)
  • Glyphosate increases histamine, both may be a factor in COVID19 (Nov 10, 2020)
  • Glyphosate & COVID19, (Oct 25, 2020) *Biofuel made with RoundUp biomass is producing increased glyphosate residue in the air of communities near the biofuel production facility and in areas that now use a lot of biofuel in their gasoline mix. This post has a link to a company where you can self-order a screening test for glyphosate residue (in a urine sample I think).
  • Glutathione, Nrf2, Autism & Glyphosate, (May 26, 2018)
  • A US Congressman [Ted Lieu] is concerned about safety of glyphosate, (March, 19, 2017) Excerpt from the brief post: “An employee of the EPA may have colluded with Monsanto to suppress investigation of the safety of glyphosate and the herbicide Roundup.” (My words, link to a article in the post).
  • Glycine, Cheerful Juice, and testing for glyphosate, (Oct 26, 2016) *One of my solutions is to take powdered Dimethylglycine in water with a little sweetener, smidge of baking soda to offset the acidity, and a little juice for flavor. It can taste a little like red wine. Acidic citrus juices are not as helpful as a little blueberry, pomegranate or cherry juice. This post has links to previous posts I had written about DMG and my ‘Cheerful Juice’ – it makes me more cheerful but can taste kind of bad without the extra additions.
  • Glyphosate and disruption of the protective mucus layer made by coral species. *an old draft post that I just posted, (Oct 19, 2016) (Dec 17, 2022)
  • The herbicide Round-Up found more dangerous than glyphosate alone, (Oct 17, 2016)
  • Glyphosate, a consensus statement; a link, (Sept 21, 2016)
  • Updates regarding glycine, health, and glyphosate, (Sept. 20, 2016)
  • Glyphosate was found in vaccines; and tips for reducing dietary exposure, (Sept 16, 2016)
    • *Gelatin from commercial sources is likely also a source of glyphosate residue as collagen is a protein made with a lot of glycine – leaving a lot of opportunity for glyphosate to be substituted instead in an animal fed RoundUp crops as feed. This would make gelatin capsule supplements a negative and any collagen joint support products that use commercially sourced collagen instead of organically raised sources.
  • Glyphosate was created as an antibiotic and mineral chelator but is being used as an herbicide, (Aug 2, 2016)
  • CYP enzymes are needed to produce both 25 vitamin D and 1, 25 hormone D; and more on glyphosate, (June 29, 2016)
  • There is never going to be a good time to say that glyphosate is unhealthy, (June 17, 2016). This post is more about how society ignores some people, the second in command in the airplane, and that can lead to big crashes. I bring up the infertility aspect of glyphosate in this post, and that it is likely part of the increase in gender dysphoria.
  • Vitamin D activating enzyme and Glyphosate, the herbicide Roundup, (June 14, 2016)
  • Vitamin D, Cholesterol sulfate, concussions, and glyphosate (Round-up), (June 11, 2016)

Glyphosate would be causing a DNA female fetus to develop male pattern instinctual behaviors – rougher active play as a child and mounting dominance behavior when sexuality is developing rather than bending over and wanting to submit. Gender dysphoria is very real and occurs in the prenatal hormone environment of an infant when there is a mismatch between the uterine hormones that are predominant and the fetal DNA sex.

Historically, male DNA with female gender behavior was more common, though rare still. A pregnant woman is female and has female hormones, so it makes sense. Endocrine mimetic pesticides and BPA are likely increasing the incidence of male DNA babies that grow up with female gender behavior instincts. The glyphosate is newer to human history and now there is a big increase in female DNA babies that grow up with male gender behavior instincts. There is also social pressure on young girls and woman to be very overtly sexual, or maybe skip it by transitioning to male. Join the fun LGBTQIA+ marginalized group and give up your ‘white privilege’ – along with your healthy body, normal function sexual parts, and ability to have a baby or breast feed it…. This is not a solution to reducing glyphosate or estrogen mimetics in our food supply and environment.

We, humans, are causing trans or homosexuality in other species too. It makes me embarrassed for humans and sad for other species and the planet as a whole. We are a blight on this planet.

Disclaimer: Opinions are my own and the information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. While I am a Registered Dietitian this information is not intended to provide individual health guidance. Please see a health professional for individual health care purposes.

Covid-19 “broken glass lung” and glyphosate

The HO-1 enzyme that may be being made wrong, with glyphosate in place of glycine, promotes another chemical (granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) that is seen to be elevated in Covid-19 (1) and the receptor for the chemical may be involved in a lung condition (2) that also has “broken glass” like lung images. The unusual lung images are due to the alveolar areas to be fluid filled and dysfunctional, opaque white areas in the images instead of black/air filled cavities that would normally be visible. (2)

PAP – Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis – “broken glass” lung, or “paving tile”.

The “broken glass” lung issue is also called pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). (2, 3)

Medical opinion: “Clinical data, analytical findings and the few pathological references we have so far suggest SARS-CoV-2 lung disease could be a secondary interferonopathy with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)-like features and sometimes thrombotic microangiopathy.” (3)

Treatment with Interferon inhibitors might provide “IFN-γ blockage” and medication trials were recommended.

The presence of PAP suggests alveolar macrophage dysfunction in clearing surfactant from the alveoli. Whether IL-18 or IFNγ blockage and/or treatments aimed at increasing surfactant phagocytosis/processing by alveolar macrophages are viable treatment strategies, needs further exploration.” (3)

Take home point from clinical trial information and an Abstract-less paper: the PPAR-gamma activator Pioglitazone helped reduce the size of alveolar macrophages in autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). (Vis, Kelly, De Heuvel, MacEachern, 2020) (CTG Labs/NCTO3231033)

GM-CSF promotes growth of alveolar macrophages.

COVID-19 is a clinical syndrome ranging from mild symptoms to severe pneumonia that often leads to respiratory failure, need for mechanical ventilation, and death. Most of the lung damage is driven by a surge in inflammatory cytokines [interleukin-6, interferon-γ, and granulocyte-monocyte stimulating factor (GM-CSF)]. Blunting this hyperinflammation with immunomodulation may lead to clinical improvement. GM-CSF is produced by many cells, including macrophages and T-cells. GM-CSF-derived signals are involved in differentiation of macrophages, including alveolar macrophages (AMs).” (1)

The authors go on to explain that some GM-CSF can be helpful and promote growth of alveolar macrophages while too much of the GM-CSF stimulation is not. Trials are underway with medication to either block the receptors or antibody medication that combines with the free floating GM-CSF in the blood stream so it is no longer available. (1)

This blockade can be achieved through antagonism of the GM-CSF receptor or the direct binding of circulating GM-CSF. Initial findings from patients with COVID-19 treated with a single intravenous dose of mavrilimumab, a monoclonal antibody binding GM-CSF receptor α, showed oxygenation improvement and shorter hospitalization. “

Targeting GM-CSF in COVID-19 Pneumonia: Rationale and Strategies…HO-1-dependent heme catabolism, regulates GM-CSF synthesis in human airway..”

PPAR-gamma activation helped autoimmune PAP. (Vis, Kelly, De Heuvel, MacEachern, 2020) (CTG Labs/NCTO3231033) See Figure 3, the PPAR alpha, beta/delta, and gamma activate different functions in normal health. Figure 5 shows natural and synthetic ligands of the PPAR receptors, (Grygiel-Gorniak, 2014), but fails to include 9-cis-Retinoic Acid. It was found that both a synthetic and a natural agonist of PPAR gamma only had the desired anti-inflammatory effect when 9-cis-Retinoic acid was also present. (Worley, et al., 2003)

Use of a retinoid medication for a type of leukemia can cause an adverse reaction syndrome that include “ground glass lung” scans.  (Weerakkody, et al, 2012)  See this post for more info and the full citation: microRNA, elevated homocysteine and is there a role for excess Retinoic Acid? ( I think there is a role for excess active retinoids in COVID19 and hyperinflammation that seems to be related to the “ground glass lung” scans – fluid filled alveoli – patients drowning in their own body fluids.

We would need to find out if there is an aberrant form of the HO-1 enzyme containing glyphosate in its amino acid construction, that is functional in some new aberrant way, possibly promoting too much GM-CSF – causing a change in the function rather than just making it dysfunctional.

Regulation of IL-1 beta-induced GM-CSF production in human airway smooth muscle cells by CO [Carbon monoxide] — retracted article – need to rethink/read more, * “The American Physiological Society is retracting this article due to inclusion of data in Figure 4A that were published previously in Figures 5 and 6 of the article “Carbon Monoxide Inhibits Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway” (https:// and represent different results. Due to the length of time since initial publication, the authors were unable to provide original captures for these experiments to resolve the concerns.” (Retraction statement) **So, ignore Figure 4A.

Disclaimer: Opinions are my own and the information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. While I am a Registered Dietitian this information is not intended to provide individual health guidance. Please see a health professional for individual health care purposes.

Reference List

  1. Bonaventura A, Vecchié A, Wang TS, et al. Targeting GM-CSF in COVID-19 Pneumonia: Rationale and Strategies. Front Immunol. 2020;11:1625. Published 2020 Jul 3. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.01625
  2. Borie R, Danel C, Debray M-P, et al., Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. European Respiratory Review 2011 20: 98-107; DOI: 10.1183/09059180.00001311
  3. Julián Fernández-Martín, Pérez-Álvarez Roberto and Lamas-Barreiro José María, COVID-19: An Acute Secondary Interferonophaty? The Mirror of Autoinflammatory Syndromes. Arch of Immunology, Vol 2, Issue 1, DOI: 10.36959/885/368
  4. Mair, K.M., Robinson, E., Kane, K.A., Pyne, S., Brett, R.R., Pyne, N.J. and Kennedy, S. (2010) Interaction between anandamide and sphingosine-1-phosphate in mediating vasorelaxation in rat coronary artery. British Journal of Pharmacology, 161 (1). pp. 176-192. ISSN 1476-5381
  5. Giacoppo S, Mazzon E. Can cannabinoids be a potential therapeutic tool in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?. Neural Regen Res. 2016;11(12):1896-1899. doi:10.4103/1673-5374.197125
  6. ARN14988 (aCDase Inhibitor),
  7. Xiao Mei Wang, Hong Pyo Kim, Kiichi Nakahira, Stefan W. Ryter and Augustine M. K. Choi, The Heme Oxygenase-1/Carbon Monoxide Pathway Suppresses TLR4 Signaling by Regulating the Interaction of TLR4 with Caveolin-1. J Immunol March 15, 2009, 182 (6) 3809-3818; DOI:
  8. Rebecca Gilbert, Update on COVID-19 and Parkinson’s Disease. Oct. 27, 2020,,
  9. Fukushima T. Niacin metabolism and Parkinson’s disease. Environ Health Prev Med. 2005;10(1):3-8. doi:10.1265/ehpm.10.3
  10. Francisco Navarrete, María Salud García-Gutiérrez, Rosa Jurado-Barba, et al., Endocannabinoid System Components as Potential Biomarkers in Psychiatry. Front. Psychiatry, 27 April 2020 |
  11. Erukainure OL, Matsabisa MG, Salau VF, Islam MS. Tetrahydrocannabinol-Rich Extracts From Cannabis Sativa L. Improve Glucose Consumption and Modulate Metabolic Complications Linked to Neurodegenerative Diseases in Isolated Rat Brains. Front Pharmacol. 2020;11:592981. Published 2020 Nov 24. doi:10.3389/fphar.2020.592981
  12. CK Eternity, Melatonin: the master antioxidant. August 9, 2020,,
  13. Yingying Lu,Baixia Hao,Richard Graeff &Jianbo Yue, NAADP/TPC2/Ca2+ Signaling Inhibits Autophagy.
  14. Article: e27595, Published online: 08 Jan 2014,,
  15. Li R, Li Y, Liang X, Yang L, Su M, Lai KP. Network Pharmacology and bioinformatics analyses identify intersection genes of niacin and COVID-19 as potential therapeutic targets [published online ahead of print, 2020 Nov 10]. Brief Bioinform. 2020;bbaa300. doi:10.1093/bib/bbaa300
  16. Tweet Thread
  18. / pdf

What autoimmune hyperinflammation looks like – LongCovid/FLCCC Conference.

Excerpt from The Epoch Times gives another warning to be cautious of psychiatric referrals. Autoimmune patients are used to being called hypochondriacs & sent to talk therapy. Now more are at risk.

  • Via COVID-19 Vaccine Injury, Syndrome Not a Disease: FLCCC Conference Shares How to Treat It, by Marina Zhang, Oct 17, 2022, The Epoch Times, (Zhang/theepochtimes):

[Dr. Ryan Cole] “Cole presented biopsies that showed spike protein presence and inflammation in small blood vessels, muscles, heart muscles, brain tissue, lungs, spleen, and many more.

Most of the biopsies presented damaged cells that expressed only spike protein, rather than other SARS-CoV-2 proteins. This suggests spike injuries are caused by vaccination and not natural infection, because in infection other SARS-CoV-2 proteins including nucleocapsid proteins [the base subunit S2 is connected to Nucleocapsid subunits] are present in addition to the spike protein.

[Dr. Paul Marik, co-founder and Chief Science Officer of the Frontline COVID-19 Critical Care Alliance (FLCCC),]

Cole’s findings fed into Marik’s lecture on symptoms and treatment options for long COVID and post-vaccine injury syndrome.” (Zhang/theepochtimes)

  • React19 is a science-based non-profit offering financial, physical, and emotional support for those suffering from longterm Covid-19 vaccine adverse events globally. (

“Evaluating React19 survey data from people suspecting vaccine injuries, Marik found the most common symptoms of spike protein-induced diseases.” (Zhang/theepochtimes)

Ten most commonly reported symptoms of people surveyed about suspected CoV vaccine injury.

“This included fatigue, exercise intolerance, brain fog, heart palpitations, muscle weakness, tingling, dizziness, muscle aches, sleep disturbances, and joint pain.” (Zhang/theepochtimes)

Epoch Times Photo
Dr. Paul Marik’s slides presented at the FLCCC Conference in Orlando Florida (Courtesy of the FLCCC) (Zhang/theepochtimes)

““Believe it or not … the average number of symptoms reported is 23,” said Marik.

However, because most patients complain of an extensive list of symptoms not found in any disease, “[patients] will go to the doctor with all these complaints … and the doctor will say it’s all in your head,” said Marik.

Marik said that many patients are thus referred to psychiatric specialties rather than physicians who understand and can treat their disease.

The vaccine-injured are vast,” said Kory, “the numbers are massive … they are underserved and their needs are not being met.”” (Zhang/theepochtimes)

Brain fog experienced by 71.5% of people who suspect they were CoV vak injured. (Zhang/theepochtimes)

Substack: Pomegranate Peel Prep.
Ways Pomegranate protects against spike, (

Wormwood and artemisinin have also been part of my self-care arsenal. The pomegranate peel helps a lot but when I had post CoV infection fatigue and any flair ups since, artemisinin and then Wormwood tea more recently has helped fairly quickly. The artemisinin got more expensive, so I switched when I ran out of the 6 bottles I had bought online in 2020 when my symptoms felt like anemia of chronic inflammation/infection. It worked, I used it am and pm, 200 mg, for a few months and then once a day for the next year. The Wormwood tea is harsh on the gut, and I use it for flair-ups, any worsening of cold symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, achy body pain, or night sweats (a sign of worse autoimmune/inflammation/cancer).

Addition: Sweet Wormwood leaves is what I should have bought. Wormwood has thujone and is used in absinthe. Too much is a GABA disruptor and can cause seizures. Neither is recommended during pregnancy or child-bearing years. Artemisia afra is used I believe as an anti-malarial preventive in endemic regions of Africa. Artemisia afra does not have the same phytonutrients as the other Artemisia/wormwoods (and mugworts), but trials have had positive results. (du Toit and van der Kooy, 2019)

I used an old browser url to open my and it was synchronicity – pertinent: Neuropathy can be a cause of extreme tiredness, 8/Dec/2016, with a helpful list of possible things to try. (

What I wanted was this post, I wrote about it more and of my use for my extreme fatigue: Artemisinin, arteannuin-B, sgp130Fc and COVID-19, 25/June/2020. The extreme fatigue needs an iron chelator to help the body recover balance after an infection causes a shift of iron from hemoglobin into storage as free iron or ferritin. If too much is free the storage becomes an issue and if it leaks to extracellular tissue, it causes oxidative damage and more inflammation.

The protein sgp130Fc may also be helpful but I have not seen much followed up on that topic.

  • SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: Is interleukin-6 (IL-6) the ‘culprit lesion’ of ARDS onset? What is there besides Tocilizumab? SGP130Fc. (Magro, 2020)

This article is mostly about the medications but mentions the sgp130Fc, a normal protein that would be protective, but during inflammation/infection we would need five times more. My post includes more description in a later section. Artemisinin, arteannuin-B, sgp130Fc and COVID-19

There has been increased interest in employing the inhibitory agents tocilizumab, siltuximab and sarilumab in COVID-19 patients, with a series of clinical trials being registered and launched in different countries. In addition, the use of anti-IL-6 drugs is associated with an increased risk of some adverse reactions [8]. The use of metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) or soluble glycoprotein 130 fused chimera (sgp130Fc) to specifically inhibit pathological IL-6 trans-signaling in patients with severe COVID-19 promises to be a more effective and safer strategy to ameliorate disease states.” (Du, et al, 2021)

When I talk about membrane damage, realize that also means nerve membranes – myelination which makes our nerve signaling more rapid and accurate. ( Demyelination) I never got back to finish that page – a very revealing trend that I meant to move onto next was general malnutrition seems to be a big risk for demyelination. If the body gets hungry enough it starts using muscle tissue for protein and likely breaks down myelin for fatty acids.

My fingers get more pins and needles numb when I forget my methyl B12 too often or go too long between Epsom salt soaks. CoQ10 is on my Don’t forget list, and I have been.

Seeking help from people that dismiss your long list of aches and pains as hypochondria or psychosomatic is a bad idea. Complaining about it/their treatment, to them, may be a worse idea, as it may lead to a psychiatric commitment against your will and psychiatric medications that are likely to speed up the chronic degeneration and worsen the neurological damage.

This is serious. The powers in charge are forcing this through (CoV vak and other mRNA vak-to-be or other treatments) and ignoring all evidence of the harm of the mRNA process and the LNPs. Banging your head against a locked door (metaphorically) is not sensible . . . asking or demanding help from the people who are harming and denying harm and threatening mental illness diagnosis for people talking negatively about the causal substance . . . is not sensible.

A social media acquaintance literally escaped from a lock facility after their family had them committed for apparent craziness about Covid and posting too much online (late 2021). The person was put on medications that made the escape more difficult and surreal – a family member got a doctor to prescribe something and then swapped it for an antibiotic that was needed (so combined surreal issues from pain and an untreated infection). Psychiatric medications are dangerous, to many people at least, and we aren’t supposed to talk about that. Family members who are all “concerned” about you can also be very dangerous as they have sway with medical or legal officials.

Seek help from more reliable sources like the FLCCC or the World Health Council, or people who have lived it and survived to tell the tale (of life as an autoimmune patient), like me, and try to find a functional practitioner for local/individual support which is also a need.

Disclaimer: Opinions are my own and the information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. While I am a Registered Dietitian this information is not intended to provide individual health guidance. Please see a health professional for individual health care purposes. 

Reference List

(Du, et al, 2021) Du P, Geng J, Wang F, Chen X, Huang Z, Wang Y. Role of IL-6 inhibitor in treatment of COVID-19-related cytokine release syndrome. Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(6):1356-1362. doi:10.7150/ijms.53564.

(du Toit and van der Kooy, 2019) du Toit A, van der Kooy F. Artemisia afra, a controversial herbal remedy or a treasure trove of new drugs? J Ethnopharmacol. 2019 Nov 15;244:112127. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112127. Epub 2019 Jul 31. PMID: 31376515.

(Magro, 2020) Magro G. SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: Is interleukin-6 (IL-6) the ‘culprit lesion’ of ARDS onset? What is there besides Tocilizumab? SGP130Fc. Cytokine X. 2020 Jun;2(2):100029. doi: 10.1016/j.cytox.2020.100029. Epub 2020 May 14. PMID: 32421092; PMCID: PMC7224649.

(Zhang/theepochtimes) Zhang, M., COVID-19 Vaccine Injury, Syndrome Not a Disease: FLCCC Conference Shares How to Treat It, Oct 17, 2022, The Epoch Times

Ways pomegranate protects against spike.

Includes chimeric spike gene sequences involved in fusion entry of cells, and Ehden Biber’s latest post with FOIA information from Pfizer including the Omicron BA.1 (“Riltozinameran”) genetic sequence.

Hard to understand info for non-geneticists from Ehden – thanks for sharing maybe some geneticists will translate for us: The Sequence; We now have Pfizer’s Omicron BA.1 (“Riltozinameran”) genetic sequence, alongside other important information, thanks to a FOI request to the UK’s regulatory body, the MHRA. – by Ehden Biber – Sense of Awareness (

I had just added a gene sequence image to something I had written, and was searching posts and not finding it (and getting frustrated ;-) when I remembered where it was – Gp41 in SARS-CoV-2 spike, so here we are back with the delicious and royal fruit.

Pomegranate is so awesome it can take on a multi-fanged genetic chimera:

1) Blocks entry at the ACE2 receptors and preserves ACE2 function.

Pomegranate peel extract blocks entry at the ACE2 receptor which also helps protect the function of ACE2 receptors, and pomegranate extract also inhibited “the activity of the virus 3CL protease.” (Tito, et al, 2020) Lung edema and other symptoms of severe Covid19 are also symptoms of lack of ACE2 function. As the infection spreads to cells with ACE2, the spike blocked receptor is dysfunctional. The juice/fruit likely helps but the peel is more potent, more concentrated in phytonutrients and has additional hydrolyzable tannins.

2) Inhibits NET formation, and inflammasome creation.

Inhibits NET formation (Kirchner, et al, 2013) which would promote inflammasome production – which kills good cells when it is an over-reaction. The SARS-CoV-2 virus spike protein, the E protein section, causes activation of NLRP3 Inflammasome creation, and the resulting increase in inflammation can also signal further creation of them. (Wong and Saier, 2021) An allergy like sensitization seems to occur. Macrophages from people who had been sick with COVID-19 reacted to exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and inflammasome production occurred. Cells from people who had not been pre-exposed to SARS-CoV-2 did not react to cause inflammasome creation. (Theobald, et al, 2021)

3) Inhibits fusion of HIV-1 and entry into cells by membrane fusion. It may do the same for SARS-CoV-2.

*I am not sure if “HIV-1 entry inhibitor” is the same as fusion inhibitor for preventing the splitting of S1 from the S2 portion of spike. (Neurath, et al, 2004)

  • Punica granatum (Pomegranate) juice provides an HIV-1 entry inhibitor and candidate topical microbicide.” (Neurath, et al, 2004)

If it is, pomegranate phytonutrients could inhibit the fusion cleavage site from opening and freeing the S1 subunit which then can block nAChR function and has prion like domains and a galectin-3 like sequence. So, preventing S1 release would protect cholinergic function, reduce misfolded protein risks, and reduce risk of galectin-3 over-stimulating excess angiogenesis (blood vessel formation or doubling/splitting).

It was noted by (Wu Zhang and Leng Yap, 2004) that HIV-1 gp41 and SARS-CoV(1) S2 proteins are similar in structure. The gp41 protein helps HIV-1 fuse directly with cells in order to infect them, (Chen, 2019), which SARS-CoV-2 can also do. The S2 portion of spike forms a wedge like shape and directly invades a cell’s bilipid membrane layer for the purpose of membrane-to-membrane fusion with the viral particle. The sequence “GB1” is discussed and a Spike SARS-CoV-2 Fusion peptide, see Fig. S1. (Koppisetti, Fulcher, Van Doren, 2021) If pomegranate can prevent HIV-1 membrane fusion than maybe it is preventing separation of the S1 from the S2 subunit – more research is needed.

Fig. S1. (Koppisetti, Fulcher, Van Doren, 2021)

Background info by (Wu Zhang and Leng Yap, 2004) on the roles of the two parts of a coronavirus species’ spike protein – S1 (“cellular reception recognition”) and S2 (fusion of the viral and host cell membranes for entry):

“Coronavirus spike protein plays a very important role in virus entry, virus–receptor interaction, variations in host range and tissue tropism. The S proteins of majority of coronaviruses are cleaved into two functional subunits, S1 and S2. Liu et al. [1] indicated that the S protein of SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) also forms S1 and S2 domains. The peripheral S1 portion is responsible for cellular receptor recognition, while the membrane-spanning S2 portion mediates the fusion of viral and cellular membrane, hence S protein determines the specificity of host and virulence of coronavirus [2]. Similarly, there are two non-valently associated subunits in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein, gp120 and gp41, gp120 directs target-cell recognition and viral tropism through interaction with the cell-surface receptor CD4, while the membrane-spanning gp41 promotes fusion of the viral and cellular membranes so that viral contents are released into the host cell [3].” (Wu Zhang and Leng Yap, 2004)

The chimeric S1 subunit can be free and effect receptors elsewhere in the body or be released in exosomes in exhaled breath or sweat, and body fluids. It has the snake venom toxin-like nAChR cholinergic blocking effect and has a galectin-3 look alike sequence. Preventing S1 separation would reduce harm.

4) Acts as a modulator for inflammation & immune function,, promoting or inhibiting as needed for the situation.

Acts as a modulator and can increase Nitric oxide production if low or reduce Nitric oxide production if it excessive. Modulatory benefits for oxidative stress – pomegranate peel can help increase Nitric oxide by promoting eNOS (Delgado, et al, 2017), (de Nigris, et al, 2007a), (Wang D, et al, 2018), or reduce excess by promoting iNOS. (Kandeil, et al, 2019)

5) Protects against misfolded protein conditions.

Protects against misfolded protein conditions – the delphinidin (Noda, et al, 2002) and other anthocyanidins (Masci, et al, 2016), (Qu, et al, 2015) that give pomegranate its purple red hue, may help stabilize proteins as allosteric modulators and many phytonutrients or nutrients can act on receptors as agonists or reverse agonist (less often). (Silva, et al, 2019)

6) Promotes Nrf2 which helps promote DNA damage repair, glutathione production, and immune function.

Promotes Nrf2 which helps promote glutathione production, immune function, and DNA damage repair and inhibits inflammatory cytokines including IL-6 (Karwasra, et al, 2019) and NFkB. (Rasheed, et al, 2009). Nrf2 and pomegranate peel inhibit mast cell degranulation which would reduce inflammation, cytokines, and histamine. (Parisio, et al, 2020) Antihistamines tend to help in CoV treatment. Nrf2 inhibits mast cell degranulation by promoting SIRT4. (Hu B et al, 2020)

7) Contains potent antioxidants in addition to promoting Nrf2 and our own glutathione production.

Pomegranate peel contains potent antioxidants and diuretics (the tannins/EGCG/catechins) which help with detox – have several servings earlier in the day if ill and drink plenty of water, or once a day as a preventive.

The fruit juice and seeds provide some of the benefits for reducing inflammation and protecting the brain, but the peel contains more of the phytonutrients with potent antiviral and antioxidant function. Antioxidant power so strong, pomegranate peel extract can be used as an anti-corrosive for steel. (Rashid, et al, 2017) Too much is a pro-oxidant, use in moderate amounts. The diuretic effect is a clue when you may be getting too much, or just a good amount if puffiness is a problem.

8) Protects against liver, kidney, and brain damage risks from hyperinflammation.

Protects against liver, kidney, (Middha, et al, 2013) and brain damage risks from (spike) hyperinflammation. (Ahmed, et al, 2014) (Morzelle, et al, 2016) With a healthy microbiome, metabolites urolithin A and B can cross the blood brain barrier and reduce neuroinflammation. (Kujawska, et al, 2019) EGCG helps promote new growth of hippocampal cells. (Itika, et al, 2020) Urolithin A may be helpful against aging, metabolic dysfunction, IBD, and neurodegenerative disorders by promoting mitophagy and removal of defective mitochondria leading to improved health of mitochondria. (Singh, et al, 2022)

Species that help produce urolithin A and B may include Firmicutes, Clostridiales and Ruminococcaceae family and Akkermansia muciniphlia. Having more Bacteroides in ratio to Firmicutes was associated with non-production of urolithin A in response to 8 oz of pomegranate juice. A 500 mg supplement product, MitoPure, led to much greater increases in plasma levels of urolithin than the juice, in a crossover self-controlled clinical study. (Singh, et al, 2022)

Firmicutes are the main butyrate producing species, Ruminococcaceae also produce it, and Akkermansia muciniphlia produce other short-chain fatty acids. They are anaerobes fermenting undigested starches within the colon and the short chain fatty acids help feed the colon cells. (Parada Venegas, et al, 2019) *Probiotics provide species that populate the small intestines. We need to eat adequate resistant starches and zinc to support the anaerobe of the colon.

9) Improves gut health, membrane and cardiovascular health and promotes a beneficial microbiome balance of butyrate producing species.

Improves gut health, (Zhang, et al, 2017) membrane health, and cardiovascular health. (Wang et al, 2018)  (Sadeghipour, et al, 2014) (Salwe, et al, 2015) . (Yang, et al, 2018) (Asgary, et al, 2017). Improved endothelial function in the placenta for a diabetic pregnancy animal model, eNOS -/- knockout mice and wild-type were used. (El-Sayyad, et al, 2019)

  • Tip – think of skin health, gut health and blood vessel/cardiovascular health as all connected – similar tissue, slightly different issues.

Promotes balance between Firmicutes and Bacteroides species, butyrate producing microbial species in the gut. Excess Firmicutes is associated with obesity and excess Bacteroides with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Pomegranate led to a decrease in Firmicutes in an animal-based study about a gut pathogen. (George, et al, 2019)

  • “These results suggest that consumption of pomegranate polyphenols altered the microbiome, making it more resistant to displacement by infection with Cr, indicating that pomegranate polyphenols may mitigate the pathogenic effects of food‐borne bacterial pathogens.” (George, et al, 2019)

When we protect our gut, we are also protecting our brain, because they are connected via the large vagus nerve. It can act as a superhighway and allow chemicals to enter the brain from the gut or enter the gut from the brain. Parkinson’s Disease seems to involve this connection. Pomegranate peel extract helped a brain inflammation condition by modulation of the species in the gut. (Lu, et al, 2020)

  • “Pomegranate peel extract ameliorates the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis via modulation of gut microbiota.” (Lu XY, et al, 2020)

Promotes the microbiome. Sepsis – did not help in one animal model. Pretreatment for a month with pomegranate may have increased gut microbiome leaving the animals at increased risk of sepsis effects when surgery was performed.  (Tavasoli, et al, 2014)

Pomegranate in a market. Photo by Jonas Renner on Unsplash.

Summary: The juice/fruit provide many of these benefits but not all, the peel is more potent in the anti-viral & other benefits.

  1. Pomegranate peel extract blocks entry at the ACE2 receptors and preserves ACE2 function.
  2. Inhibits NET formation which leads to (killer) inflammasome creation.
  3. Inhibits fusion of HIV-1 and entry into cells by membrane fusion. It may do the same for SARS-CoV-2.
  4. Acts as a modulator for inflammation and immune function, promoting or inhibiting as needed for the situation – restoring balance.
  5. Protects against misfolded protein conditions (prions).
  6. Promotes Nrf2 which helps promote DNA damage repair, glutathione production, and immune function.
  7. Pomegranate contains potent antioxidants in addition to promoting Nrf2 and our own glutathione production.
  8. Protects against liver, kidney, and brain damage risks from hyperinflammation.
  9. Improves gut health, membrane and cardiovascular health; and promotes a beneficial microbiome balance of butyrate producing species.
  10. The juice/fruit provide many of these benefits but not all, the peel is more potent in the anti-viral benefits.

Ellagic acid/EGCG alternatives:

If pomegranate/peel is not available to you, then sumac/Zataar contains similar phytonutrients and so do Goji berries, and red raspberries a smaller amount and maybe black raspberries too: “The seeds of raspberries contained 87.8% of the ellagic acid,” (Daniel, et al, 1989), strawberries had more in the pulp than the seeds. Green tea also contains some of the catechin benefits ~ 3 cups per day provides about 200 mg of EGCG which is a typical amount found in supplements of EGCG. If gut issues are also an issue though, green tea may cause discomfort due to the oxalate content.

We should listen to Geert Vanden Bossche, PhD, DVM:

  • Geert says we need to treat everyone prophylactically to stop breakthrough infections & slow the mutation rate. ( a post on my SubCtack links to his audio/post.

Early treatment works – we need to prophylactically treat everyone with the basic Z-Stack or preferred equivalent. Preventively taking supplements means you are treating somewhat at the first exposure. Then if signs of a cold occur, increase the vitamin C and anti-viral/iron chelators like quercetin, pomegranate peel product/tea and/or black seed oil.

I also include intranasal rinse or spray, and negative ionizers for air quality control in addition. Stop the exposure in the nose where the body has IgA antibodies that react against any coronavirus. Once the RNA species reach the lung, they have mutated somewhat and are harder for the body to fight.

Negative ionizers are something that should be in public places.

Anyone in power over a facility – please see what you can do to add it. CoV spike is positively charged and will clump and fall from the air. Sweep and mop more often. Part of the risk is the air above big crowds – think of it as a circulating swamp of everyone’s mutation variants, which then all can rapidly mingle and the whole swarm can quantumly it seems, all mutate to a new (worse) variant and make the whole crowd sick. Karl Sirotkin, PhD’s work.

  • Golden Silkworms in Pandora’s Box – by Harvard2TheBigHouse (

Pomegranate peel and fruit is an “antidote” for many diabolical features of the patented computer-generated sequence that is causing harm. It happens to be pomegranate season in the Northern Hemisphere. Are we collectively going to start using the fruit and peel for its full benefits? Or continue waiting for a rich person to suggest it? Or wait for Tedros and the WHO to use a little money to research pomegranate peel extract against SARS-CoV-2?

If you want medical doctor/researcher recommendations about the benefits of pomegranate, read this open access peer-reviewed book: Pomegranate, (IntechOpen), 2021. In a chapter on the antimicrobial benefits, Celiksoy and Heard did a phenomenal job creating extensive Tables of research trials showing antimicrobial potential of pomegranate peel extract or whole fruit extract. The Tables include which species were targeted using pomegranate extract of what dose, standardized to 13% ellagic acid, or other extraction method details are listed. (Celiksoy and Heard, 2021) It is just one Chapter in an open access peer-reviewed (long) book: Pomegranate, (IntechOpen), 2021.

Pomegranate and early treatment can work – if you use it.

It can’t work if you don’t use it.

Disclaimer: This information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. While I am a Registered Dietitian this information is not intended to provide individual health guidance. Please see a health professional for individual health care purposes.