Tag Archives: salt

Food Additives, leaky intestinal membranes, and autoimmune disease

The newspapers that I set up using the paper.li website have been very informative. I added links to the papers that I created and to a few other newspapers hosted by the service on a page: [Virtual Stream Media]

One of the articles from today’s issue of The #Autoimmune Daily discusses seven types of commonly used food additives that may cause leaky intestinal membranes. Leaky bowel syndrome was a term that developed in association with food allergies but the problem may also be involved with the increased rates of autoimmune disease that have been occurring in the last twenty to thirty years. Intestinal membranes are thin to allow nutrient absorption but ideally would block allergens and other larger infectious material from being able to pass through to the more sterile environment of the blood stream.

Food additives may sound like minor trace chemicals but the list includes some very common additives and some newer creations: “glucose (a molecule of table sugar/sucrose, is made up of one molecule of glucose and one of fructose), salt, emulsifiers, organic solvents, gluten, microbial transglutaminase, and nanoparticles.”

During digestion the emulsifiers and organic solvents that are used in many foods and beverages and in infant formula may also be emulsifying and dissolving the tight junctions between the cells that make up our intestinal membranes.

/Disclosure: This information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. While I am a Registered Dietitian this information is not intended to provide individual health guidance. Please see a health professional for individual health care purposes./

Salt, best to use moderate amount in balance with potassium

The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, a large study with an international data group (n = 157,543), found that excessive or low intake of salt was associated with increased health risks. The worst risk was associated with people who had a combination of excessive sodium and low potassium. Intake was not directly measured, urinary excretion of sodium and potassium was measured. [1]

Sodium alone was not found to be consistently associated with risk of high blood pressure but excretion amounts greater than 5 grams were more likely to be associated with higher blood pressure values than excretion levels between 3 to 5 grams per day and no increase in blood pressure was associated with excretion levels below 3 grams per day . The lowest risk of cardiovascular incidents or death was associated with participants who had sodium excretion levels between 3 grams and 6 grams. Excretion levels greater than 7 grams of sodium was associated with the greatest risk but levels below 3 grams was also associated with increased health risks. Current guidelines recommend a sodium intake of 1.5 to 2.4 grams per day.  [1]

It is unlikely that the guidelines will be changed based on this study alone because of the method that was used to estimate daily sodium and potassium excretion. Replicating the findings with another study that collects more data per participant is recommended in the linked article.  [1] However, while we’re waiting for more research, if you like salt try to have plenty of potassium rich fruits and vegetables too.

/Disclosure: This information is provided for educational purposes and is not intended to provide individual health guidance; see a health professional for individual health care./