Thiamin: people with anorexia or alcoholism are more at risk for vitamin B1 deficiency

Thiamin (also called Thiamine or vitamin B1):

thiaminFood Sources of Thiamin (vitamin B1) include:
  • fortified flour or rice, whole grains;
  • lean pork, fish, eggs;
  • nutritional yeast;
  • cantaloupe;
  • acorn squash, asparagus, green vegetables;
  • beans, green peas;
  • nuts, sunflower and pumpkin seed kernels & other edible seeds including flax, sesame & chia.
Thiamin or vitamin B1 may have been the first vitamin to be discovered.

Thiamin is also known as vitamin B1. Historically it may have been the first vitamin to be discovered.  Around 2600 BC the symptoms of thiamin deficiency were described in Chinese literature.  Thiamin deficiency, or beriberi as it was commonly called, became a more frequent problem in some communities when white flour and polished rice were first introduced.  Milling brown rice removes thiamin from the grain along with the fibrous outer layer of the grains of rice.

Symptoms of Beriberi (Thiamin deficiency) can include:
  • rapid ‘fluttery’ heart rate;
  • enlarged heart;
  • edema or swelling of the extremities,
  • heart and lungs leading to breathing problems and eventually congestive heart failure; burning painful feet;
  • muscle weakness and pain;
  • Wernicke encephalopathy or Korsakoff psychosis are symptoms that may occur with more severe B1 deficiencies and which can include mental changes.
Deficiency of Thiamin is rare except with severe malnourishment or increased needs:

Chronic alcoholics and anorexic or other malnourished people are more at risk for thiamin deficiency.  Malaria and HIV may increase need for thiamin due to the infected cell’s increased use of the nutrient.  Renal patients on dialysis may need extra thiamin due to increased loss. The nutrient is fairly widely available and deficiencies are not typically found in people of average health with reasonably varied diets.

Reference used for food sources & symptoms of Thiamin deficiency:
Additional Reference used for Food Sources of Thiamin:

Disclaimer: Opinions are my own and the information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. While I am a Registered Dietitian this information is not intended to provide individual health guidance. Please see a health professional for individual health care purposes.

A Sunrise

A cloud shadow in the sky – transcending square.

Images of things not quite square was my simple initial concept for this site, which houses archives from several previous websites behind the scenery.

The virtual world transcends square enormously.

Disclaimer: Opinions are my own and the information is provided for educational purposes within the guidelines of fair use. 

Maya, the power of Brahman

On the other side of the world from the Mayan people in South America, the word Maya in Sanskrit means the power of Brahman, the Absolute Reality. Brahman is Sat-Chit-Ananda or Absolute Existence, Absolute Consciousness and Absolute Bliss. Brahman is impersonal but not without attributes. This explanation of the Absolute was taught by Shankara and is a belief of Hinduism. Shankara was born in India around A.D. 700-788. His teachings were based on the Vedanta, a monistic philosophy. The world was not created by Brahman but by Brahman’s power, Maya. [1, 2, 4]

Maya is everything, every day. Everything in the world is connected. At the subatomic structure everything is made up of quarks. [5] All of the planets are connected by the relationship between their elements which were once stardust. [3]  Maya day is every day throughout the world.

  1. Harper M.H., Gurus, Swamis, and Avataras; Spiritual Masters and Their American Disciples, (Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1972) pp 10-15 [Amazon]
  2. Maya Is a Power of Brahman,” Sri Aurobindo Studies (Aug. 14, 2010) []
  3. Are we really all made of stardust?” []
  4. Shankara (Indian philosopher)” Britannica Online Encyclopedia []
  5. Nave R, “Quarks” []